There is no gainsaying that the global economy is experiencing a massive economic decline following contractions of about 50% two years post-Covid crisis and a further decline of 18% as observed from the continent’s 2023 economic outlook.
Africa’s economy is not immune from this!
African countries are just rebounding from the unprecedented economic downturn caused by the Coronavirus pandemic with major adverse impacts on development. In addition, the Russian invasion of Ukraine – all of which have worsened already rapidly rising rates of inflation and borrowing costs in 2022.
Regardless, Africa’s top 5 economies is projected to expand to the tune of $1.4 trillion in 2023 in the face of all these hurdles.
According to International Monetary Fund – IMF’s recent World Economic Outlook, 5 of the world’s fastest-growing economies -Angola, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Kenya, and South Africa, are expected to quadruple in size, and their growth is expected to be at 3.6% in 2023 and rise to 3.9% in 2024 (Business Insider Africa, 2022).
Top Five African Economies
1. Angola – Angola is set to reclaim its spot as the third-largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa, thanks to a return to growth linked to higher oil prices. Angola is the continent’s second-largest oil producer after Nigeria and is also a significant producer of rough diamonds. The IMF expects Angola’s GDP to expand by 8.6% this year, reaching $135 billion. This is a significant increase from previous years, and Angola’s economy will likely continue to grow in the coming years.
2. Ethiopia – Ethiopia is set to replace Kenya as the fourth-largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa, according to the IMF. This is due to the easing of armed conflict in the nation and the continuation of ambitious economic reform efforts aimed at opening up one of Africa’s fastest-growing but most closed economies. The IMF predicts Ethiopia’s GDP will reach $126.2 billion this year, expanding by 13.5%. This is an impressive figure, and Ethiopia’s economy will likely continue to grow in the coming years.
3. Nigeria – As the largest economy on the continent, Nigeria maintains its top spot in sub-Saharan Africa’s economic rankings. The IMF predicts that Nigeria’s GDP will hit $574 billion this year. This is an impressive figure, and Nigeria’s economy will likely continue to grow in the coming years.
4. South Africa – The IMF predicts that South Africa will retain its position as the second-largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa, with a GDP of $422 billion this year. This is an impressive figure, and South Africa’s economy will likely continue to grow in the coming years.
5. Kenya – According to the IMF, Kenya’s GDP is projected to record a slower growth of 2.4% this year due to the aftershocks of the Covid-19 pandemic, drought, election jitters, and disruption of global supply chains. The IMF predicts that Kenya’s GDP will reach $117.6 billion this year, behind Angola and Ethiopia. Despite this slower growth, Kenya’s economy is still one of the top economies to watch in the region.
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